FCI STANDARD NO 309/14.04.1999/GB
PORIJEKLO: China PATRONAZA: FCI
DATUM PUBLIKACIJE ORIGINALNOG VAZECEG STANDARDA: 14.04.1999.
Namjena: Lov i Cuvar
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
This Chinese breed has existed for hundreds of years in the provinces
bordering the South China Sea. The town of Dai Lek in the province Kwun
Tung is probably the place of origin.GENERAL APPEARANCE
compact, short coupled and squarely built dog of medium size. Wrinkles
over skull and withers, small ears and "hippopotamus" muzzle impart to
the Shar Pei a unique look. Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches.
Brush Coat IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to
the length of the body, from point of shoulder to point of buttock,
especially in males. The length from nose to stop is approximately
equal to the length from stop to occiput.BEHAVIOR/TEMPERAMENT
: Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family.HEAD
: Rather large in proportion to body. Wrinkles on forehead and cheeks continuing to form dewlap.CRANIAL REGION
Skull: Flat, broad.
Stop: Moderate.FACIAL REGION
Nose : Large and wide, preferably black, but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible. Wide opened nostrils.
Muzzle: A distinctive feature of the breed. Broad from root to tip
of nose with no suggestion of tapering. Lips and top of muzzle well
padded. Bulge at the base of the nose permissible.
Mouth: Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews - bluish black is
preferred. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Solid pink tongue highly
undesirable. In dilute-coloured dogs the tongue is solid lavender.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong with a perfect scissors bite i.e. the upper
teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
lower lip should not be so excessive as to interfere with the bite.
Eyes: Dark, almond-shaped with a scowling expression. Lighter
colour permissible in dilute-coloured dogs. Function of eyeball or lid
in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of
irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free
Ears : Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape,
slightly rounded at tip and set high on the skull with tips pointing
towards eyes; set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to
skull. Pricked ears highly undesirable. NECK
: Medium length, strong, set well on shoulders. The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.BODY
: Folds of skin on body in mature dog highly undesirable except on withers and base of tail, which show moderate wrinkling.
Topline: Dips slightly behind the withers; then it rises slightly over loin.
Back: Short, strong.
Loin: Short, broad, slightly arched.
Croup: Rather flat.
Chest: Broad and deep, brisket reaching below the elbow.
Underline: Rises slightly under the loin.TAIL
: Thick and round at
the root, tapering to a fine point. The tail is set very high, a
characteristic feature of the breed. May be carried high and curved,
carried in tight curl or curved over or to either side of the back. Lack of or incomplete tail highly undesirable.
Incorrect Tails LIMBS
Forequarters: Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone. The skin on forelegs shows no wrinkle.
Shoulders: Muscular, well laid and sloping.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.
Hindquarters: Muscular, strong, moderately angulated, perpendicular
to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear.
Wrinkles on upper thighs, lower thighs, rear pasterns as well as the
thickening of the skin on hocks undesirable.
Hocks: Well let down.FEET
: Moderate size, compact, not splayed. Toes well knuckled. Hindfeet free from dewclaws.GAIT/MOVEMENT
preferred gait is trot. The gait is free, balanced, active with good
forward reach and strong drive from the hindquarters. The feet tend to
converge to a center line when the speed increases. Stilted gait
Hair: A distinctive feature of the breed - short, harsh and
bristly. The coat is straight and offstanding on the body but generally
flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. The coat may vary in length from 1
cm to 2.5 cm. Never trimmed.Colour
: All solid colours
acceptable except white. Tail and rear part of thighs frequently of a
lighter colour. Darker shading down the back and on the ears
Height: 44 - 51 cm at withers (17.5 - 20 ins). FAULTS
: Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree.SERIOUS FAULTS
Deviation from a scissor bite (as a transitory measure, a very slightly overshot mouth is permissible.)
Spotted tongue (except pink spotted tongue).
Low set tail.
Coat longer than 2.5 cm. ELIMINATING FAULTS
Flat foreface with badly overshot bite; undershot bite.
Solid pink tongue.
Lower lip rolled in, interfering with the bite.
Round bulging eye. Entropion, ectropion.
Skin, folds or hair disturbing the normal function of the eye.
Ears Too Large
Ears set Too Low
Absence of tail; stumpy tail.
Heavy folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs
Not a solid colour (albino, brindle, patches, spots, black and tan, saddled pattern). NOTE
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.REMARK
: Any artificial physical alteration to the Shar Pei (in particular lips and eyelids) eliminates the dog from competition.
Shar Pei colours are divided into three groups:GROUP A: Basic Colours
Basic coloured Shar Pei have black or charcoal pigmentation (i.e skin, nose, tongue, mouth/flews and footpads).
Cream: These Shar Pei usually have a darker shading (apricot) on
their dorsal line, ears and hocks and include light and dark cream.
Fawn: Is the most common Shar Pei colour and can include Light Fawn, Dark Fawn and Red Fawn.
Red: Shades of Red may vary from red to mahogany to chestnut red.
Brown: Is often confused with chocolate. Brown Shar Pei will have black pigmentation - chocolates are dilute.
Sable: Sable is one of the most difficult colour classifications in
the Shar Pei. A TRUE sable will have a lacing of black hairs over a
lighter ground colour (not white). The coat colour is uniform over the
body, neck, head and legs. A true sable does not have a lighter
butterfly pattern on the chest nor Doberman points on the head. Legs
are laced evenly. A saddle pattern is also not a true sable.
Silver: These dogs are a light even silver with a charcoal mask.
They cast a platinum shade, light like a cream but without the darker
Black: Most black Shar Pei have grey, red, silver, brown or chocolate shadings. GROUP B: Dilute Colours
Dilute Shar Pei have no black (charcoal) pigmentation and no black
hairs anywhere on their bodies. The skin, nose and nails are self
conforming to the coat colour of the dog (i.e. cream dilute dogs
will have pinkish noses and skin, chocolate dogs will have chocolate
Apricot: A distinct apricot colour ranging in shade from light to dark apricot.
Blue: Brush coat blues are usually very dark blue and horse coat blues will usually be a light silvery blue.
Chocolate: Often this colour is confused with brown. Chocolate Shar
Pei can not have any black pigmentation. Noses, etc. are chocolate
coloured and tongues are lavender.
Cream: The same as basic cream colour but without black pigmentation.
Isabella: These Shar Pei have a dusty rose colour coat with pale
blue masking and shading and lavender tongues. The ears and dorsal line
may be darker.
Lilac: A chocolately blue dilute colour giving the appearance of
purple. Again, the colour is darker in brush coats than in horse coats.
(Lilac is the same colour as a Weimaraner) Always found in dilute only.
5-Point Red (Red Dilute): The "5 points" are nose, eyes, skin,
foodpads and anus. These dogs are a distinct deep red fawn varying to a
dark red colour.
Sable (Dilute): A lacing of dark coloured (not black) hair over a
lighter coloured ground colour (not white). The coat colour is uniform
in the body, neck,
head and legs. A true Sable does not have a lighter butterfly
pattern on the chest nor Doberman points on the head. Legs are laced
evenly. A saddle pattern is also not a true Sable.
Silver (Dilute): Silvers include blue, grey and taupe. Noses are
slate and tongues lavender. This is a bluish/silverish smokey colour
with very little
variation. GROUP C: Not a Solid Colour
Shar Pei that are not a solid colour are generally referred to as
Flowered Shar Pei. This will include all Shar Pei that have colour
markings (i.e. spots, patches, etc.). This does not include the shading
often seen on Shar Pei (the darker hairs on the back, lighter under the
tails or rustiness/ashy shine on black Shar Pei). Coats
There is a big variation in Shar Pei coat lengths, but we generally refer to three coat lengths:
Horse Coat (very short coat)
Brush Coat (Longer than horse coat but shorter than 2.5 cm)
Bear Coat (Longer than 2.5 cm)